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Physiol Genomics. 2009 Feb 2;36(3):140-8. doi: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00022.2008. Epub 2008 Nov 25.

Identification of differential gene expression during porcine conceptus rapid trophoblastic elongation and attachment to uterine luminal epithelium.

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  • 1Department of Animal Science, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA.


Early embryonic development in the pig is characterized by a rapid elongation of the conceptus trophectoderm on days 11-12 of gestation. Initially, the conceptus trophoblast is morphologically rearranged from a 10-mm sphere into a tubular shape, transitioning into a thin filamentous form >150 mm in length in 2-3 h, followed by continued expansion within the uterine lumen for several days. Conceptus elongation is critical for establishing adequate placental surface area needed for embryo and fetal survival throughout gestation. The objective of this study was to characterize conceptus gene expression during trophoblastic elongation and the early attachment to the uterine endometrium on days 11-14 of gestation with the GeneChip Porcine Genome Array. In all, 3,759 different probe sets were statistically different in at least one comparison [spherical vs. tubular, spherical vs. day 12 filamentous (D12F), spherical vs. day 14 filamentous (D14F), tubular vs. D12F, tubular vs. D14F, and D12F vs. D14F]. When restricted to the spherical vs. D12F and D12F vs. D14F comparisons, 482 and 232 genes, respectively, were statistically different with greater than twofold change in expression. Utilization of k-means clustering, in addition to the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID), identified genes of interest. Quantitative RT-PCR expression profiles for interferon-gamma (IFNG), heat shock protein 27 kDa (HSPB1), angiomotin, B-cell linker (BLNK), chemokine ligand 14 (CXCL14), parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH), and maspin were supportive of the GeneChip Porcine Genome Array data.

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