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J Agric Food Chem. 2008 Dec 24;56(24):11773-85. doi: 10.1021/jf8017707.

Ripening and genotype control stilbene accumulation in healthy grapes.

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  • 1IASMA Research Center, Via E. Mach 1, 38010 San Michele all'Adige (TN), Italy. pamela.gatto@iasma.it

Abstract

In grapes, stilbene synthesis occurs in the skin, and it is induced by biotic and abiotic stresses. To date, experimental evidence of a constitutive production of resveratrols in healthy grape is scarce and not conclusive. The aim of the present work was to investigate stilbene biosynthesis in healthy grapes both at biochemical and molecular levels. By measuring the concentration of resveratrols in ripe berries of 78 Vitis vinifera varieties for 3 years, we could identify significant differences among genotypes, providing the first tentative varietal classification based on resveratrol content. Furthermore, an increasing stilbene accumulation from veraison to ripening phase was also observed. Using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and a berry-specific cDNA array, gene expression analysis was carried out on two distinct pools of berries belonging to the high and low resveratrol producers and on three berry developmental stages. The stilbene synthase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, and 4-coumarate-CoA ligase expression profiles showed an increasing concentration of these transcripts from véraison to maturity and a higher accumulation in the grape of high resveratrol producers. Macroarray data analysis revealed that high resveratrol levels are also accompanied by the up-regulation of genes involved in plant defense and the concomitant underexpression of genes related to the ripening process and to indole alkaloid synthesis.

PMID:
19032022
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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