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Acta Radiol. 2008 Dec;49(10):1207-13. doi: 10.1080/02841850802508959.

Usefulness of diffusion-weighted imaging and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of prostate transition-zone cancer.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Shimane, Japan. yosizako@med.shimane-u.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Conventional T2-weighted (T2-WI) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has poor sensitivity for prostate transition-zone (TZ) cancer detection.

PURPOSE:

To retrospectively evaluate the clinical value of diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) in combination with T2-WI for the diagnosis of TZ cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Twenty-six TZ cancers in 23 patients with at least one tumor (tumor size >10 mm) located predominantly in the TZ were included in the study. Sixteen peripheral-zone (PZ) cancers in 12 patients with PZ cancer but without TZ cancer (control group) were selected by step-section pathologic maps. All patients underwent MRI and radical prostatectomy. MRI was obtained by a 1.5T superconducting system with a phased-array coil. Imaging sequences were T2-WI with fat saturation (FST2-WI), DW-MRI (single-shot echoplanar image, b=0 and 1000 s/mm(2), apparent diffusion coefficient [ADC] map findings), and DCE-MRI (3D fast spoiled gradient recalled [SPGR], contrast medium [0.2 mmol/kg], total injection time 5 s, image acquisition 30, 60, and 90 s). Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive predictive value (PPV) for the diagnosis of TZ cancer were evaluated in four protocols: A) FST2-WI alone, B) FST2-WI plus DW-MRI, C) FST2-WI plus DCE-MRI, D) FST2-WI plus DW-MRI plus DCE-MRI.

RESULTS:

Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and PPV in protocol A (FST2-WI alone) were 61.5%, 68.8%, 64.3%, and 76.2%, respectively. FST2-WI plus DW-MRI (protocol B) improved the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and PPV. In FST2-WI plus DW-MRI plus DCE-MRI (protocol D), the number of true-negative lesions increased and false-positive lesions decreased, and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and PPV were 69.2%, 93.8%, 78.6%, and 94.7%, respectively. There was a significant difference between protocols A and D (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Adding DW-MRI to FST2-WI in the diagnosis of prostate TZ cancer increased the diagnostic accuracy. The addition of DCE-MRI may be an option to improve the specificity and PPV of diagnosing TZ cancer with FST2-WI and DW-MRI.

PMID:
19031184
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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