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Haematologica. 2009 Jan;94(1):61-9. doi: 10.3324/haematol.12986. Epub 2008 Nov 23.

The potential of copy number gains and losses, detected by array-based comparative genomic hybridization, for computational differential diagnosis of B-cell lymphomas and genetic regions involved in lymphomagenesis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Scientific and Engineering Simulation, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan. takeuchi.ichiro@nitech.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The differentiation of biologically and clinically different malignant lymphoma diseases or subtypes is crucial because it leads to better prognostication and therapeutic decision-making. Attempts have been made at subtype classification for diagnosing lymphomas on the basis of gene-expression profiling. Although array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) has identified a characteristic genomic alteration pattern for each disease entity, it has not been clear whether each patient with certain genomic alterations can be classified by array CGH data.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

Data on copy number gains and losses for 46 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and 29 mantle cell lymphomas were used. The gene expressions of the diffuse large B-cell lymphomas cases were profiled and hierarchical clustering revealed that 28 of them were of the activated B-cell type and 18 were of the germinal center-B-cell type. Using these data, we developed a computer algorithm to classify lymphoma diseases or subtypes on the basis of copy number gains and losses.

RESULTS:

The method correctly classified 88% of the diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and mantle cell lymphomas, and 83% of the activated B-cell and germinal center-B-cell subtypes. These results demonstrate that copy number gains and losses detected by array CGH can be used for classifying lymphomas into biologically and clinically distinct diseases or subtypes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our computer algorithm based on array CGH data successfully classified diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and mantle cell lymphomas and activated B-cell and germinal center-B-cell subtypes with high accuracy. An important finding is that the regions automatically identified by the computer algorithm were located in the critical regions that are likely to be involved in the development of lymphoma.

PMID:
19029149
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2625430
Free PMC Article

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