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Appetite. 2009 Apr;52(2):517-20. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2008.10.008. Epub 2008 Nov 6.

Wake up and smell the cookies. Effects of olfactory food-cue exposure in restrained and unrestrained eaters.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Toronto at Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Rd., Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5L 1C6.


Few factors have been identified that bolster self-control processes and prevent overeating in restrained eaters; however, research on counteractive-control theory suggests that exposure to food cues may represent such a protective factor. To further investigate the effects of food-cue exposure, restrained and unrestrained eaters were randomly assigned to either a food-cue or no-cue condition, and their intake was measured. The results indicated that food-cue-exposed restrained eaters ate less than did non-exposed restrained eaters. The possible role of incidental food-cue exposure as a means for inhibiting intake in restrained eaters is explored.

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