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N Engl J Med. 2008 Nov 20;359(21):2208-19. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa0804742.

Genotype score in addition to common risk factors for prediction of type 2 diabetes.

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  • 1General Medicine Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA. jmeigs@partners.org

Erratum in

  • N Engl J Med. 2009 Feb 5;360(6):648.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Multiple genetic loci have been convincingly associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. We tested the hypothesis that knowledge of these loci allows better prediction of risk than knowledge of common phenotypic risk factors alone.

METHODS:

We genotyped single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at 18 loci associated with diabetes in 2377 participants of the Framingham Offspring Study. We created a genotype score from the number of risk alleles and used logistic regression to generate C statistics indicating the extent to which the genotype score can discriminate the risk of diabetes when used alone and in addition to clinical risk factors.

RESULTS:

There were 255 new cases of diabetes during 28 years of follow-up. The mean (+/-SD) genotype score was 17.7+/-2.7 among subjects in whom diabetes developed and 17.1+/-2.6 among those in whom diabetes did not develop (P<0.001). The sex-adjusted odds ratio for diabetes was 1.12 per risk allele (95% confidence interval, 1.07 to 1.17). The C statistic was 0.534 without the genotype score and 0.581 with the score (P=0.01). In a model adjusted for sex and self-reported family history of diabetes, the C statistic was 0.595 without the genotype score and 0.615 with the score (P=0.11). In a model adjusted for age, sex, family history, body-mass index, fasting glucose level, systolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and triglyceride level, the C statistic was 0.900 without the genotype score and 0.901 with the score (P=0.49). The genotype score resulted in the appropriate risk reclassification of, at most, 4% of the subjects.

CONCLUSIONS:

A genotype score based on 18 risk alleles predicted new cases of diabetes in the community but provided only a slightly better prediction of risk than knowledge of common risk factors alone.

2008 Massachusetts Medical Society

Comment in

PMID:
19020323
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2746946
Free PMC Article

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