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Semin Nephrol. 2008 Nov;28(6):576-80. doi: 10.1016/j.semnephrol.2008.08.001.

Estimating glomerular filtration rate in patients with HIV infection.

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  • 1Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA.


Accurate markers of glomerular filtration rate in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons would be useful for early diagnosis of HIV-associated nephropathy and other glomerular diseases, and for identifying patients at high risk for subsequent declines in kidney function who also may develop cardiovascular disease or renal complications from antiretroviral agents or other therapies. Creatinine-based estimates of glomerular filtration rate have not been tested rigorously in HIV-infected persons. Their accuracy has been questioned in malnourished patients, with or without a wasting syndrome, and in those treated with anabolic steroids. Cystatin C level is increased in HIV, but more studies are needed to determine its association with kidney function, inflammation, and long-term outcomes.

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