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Rev Med Liege. 2008 Oct;63(10):624-9.

[United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS): 10 years later].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Université de Liège.

Abstract

A 10-year post-trial monitoring of patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes randomised in the "United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study" (UKPDS) demonstrated a continued reduction in microvascular risk (-24%, p = 0.001) and emergent risk reductions for myocardial infarction (-15%, p = 0.01) and death from any cause (-13%, p = 0.007), despite an early loss of glycaemic differences ("legacy effect"). A continued benefit after metformin therapy was evident during the ten-year post-trial follow-up among overweight patients (-33%, p = 0.005 for myocardial infarction and -27%, p = 0.002 for death from any cause). In contrast, the benefits of previously improved blood pressure control were not sustained when between-groups differences in blood pressure were lost during follow-up, except for a reduced risk for peripheral vascular disease. These observations are strong arguments in favour of an early optimisation of blood glucose control and of a sustained control of blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
19009971
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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