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J Biol Chem. 2009 Mar 27;284(13):8223-7. doi: 10.1074/jbc.R800050200. Epub 2008 Nov 13.

SUMOylation and De-SUMOylation: wrestling with life's processes.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


The small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is a ubiquitin-like protein that covalently modifies a large number of cellular proteins. SUMO modification has emerged as an important regulatory mechanism for protein function and localization. SUMOylation is a dynamic process that is mediated by activating (E1), conjugating (E2), and ligating (E3) enzymes and readily reversed by a family of ubiquitin-like protein-specific proteases (Ulp) in yeast and sentrin/SUMO-specific proteases (SENP) in human. This review will focus on the de-SUMOylating enzymes with special attention to their biological function.

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