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Mol Biol Cell. 2009 Jan;20(2):631-41. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E08-01-0099. Epub 2008 Nov 12.

Subtelomeric ACS-containing proto-silencers act as antisilencers in replication factors mutants in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G2W1, Canada.

Abstract

Subtelomeric genes are either fully active or completely repressed and can switch their state about once per 20 generations. This meta-stable telomeric position effect is mediated by strong repression signals emitted by the telomere and relayed/enhanced by weaker repressor elements called proto-silencers. In addition, subtelomeric regions contain sequences with chromatin partitioning and antisilencing activities referred to as subtelomeric antisilencing regions. Using extensive mutational analysis of subtelomeric elements, we show that ARS consensus sequence (ACS)-containing proto-silencers convert to antisilencers in several replication factor mutants. We point out the significance of the B1 auxiliary sequence next to ACS in mediating these effects. In contrast, an origin-derived ACS does not convert to antisilencer in mutants and its B1 element has little bearing on silencing. These results are specific for the analyzed ACS and in addition to the effects of each mutation (relative to wild type) on global silencing. Another line of experiments shows that Mcm5p possesses antisilencing activity and is recruited to telomeres in an ACS-dependent manner. Mcm5p persists at this location at the late stages of S phase. We propose that telomeric ACS are not static proto-silencers but conduct finely tuned silencing and antisilencing activities mediated by ACS-bound factors.

PMID:
19005221
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2626567
Free PMC Article

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