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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Jan 29;1076(2):298-304.

Glucose dehydrogenase from Bacillus subtilis expressed in Escherichia coli. I: Purification, characterization and comparison with glucose dehydrogenase from Bacillus megaterium.

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  • 1Institut für Organische Chemie, Biochemie und Isotopenforschung, Universität Stuttgart, F.R.G.


Escherichia coli containing the Bacillus subtilis glucose dehydrogenase gene on a plasmid (prL7) was used to produce the enzyme in high quantities. Gluc-DH-S was purified from the cell extract by (NH4)2SO4-precipitation, ion-exchange chromatography and Triazine-dye chromatography to a specific activity of 375 U/mg. The enzyme was apparently homogenous on SDS-PAGE with a subunit molecular mass of 31.5 kDa. Investigation of Gluc-DH-S was performed for comparison with the corresponding properties of Gluc-DH-M. The limiting Michaelis constant at pH 8.0 for NAD+ is Ka = 0.11 mM and for D-glucose Kb = 8.7 mM. The dissociation constant for NAD+ is Kia = 17.1 mM. Similar to Gluc-DH-M, Gluc-DH-S is inactivated by dissociation under weak alkaline conditions at pH 9.0. Complete reactivation is attained by readjustment to pH 6.5. Ultraviolet absorption, fluorescence and CD-spectra of native Gluc-DH-S, as well as fluorescence- and CD-backbone-spectra of the dissociated enzyme were nearly identical to the corresponding spectra of Gluc-DH-M. The aromatic CD-spectrum of dissociated Gluc-DH-S was different, representing a residual ellipticity of tryptophyl moieties in the 290-310 nm region. Density gradient centrifugation proved that this behaviour is due to the formation of inactive dimers in equilibrium with monomers after dissociation. In comparison to Gluc-DH-M, the kinetics of inactivation as well as the time-dependent change of fluorescence intensity at pH 9.0 of Gluc-DH-S showed a higher velocity and a changed course of the dissociation process.

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