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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2008 Oct;78(4 Pt 2):046406. Epub 2008 Oct 27.

Theoretical analysis and simulations of strong terahertz radiation from the interaction of ultrashort laser pulses with gases.

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  • 1Institut für Theoretische Physik I, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, 40225, Düseldorf, Germany.


Terahertz (THz) radiation from the interaction of ultrashort laser pulses with gases is studied both by theoretical analysis and particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations. A one-dimensional THz generation model based on the transient ionization electric current mechanism is given, which explains the results of one-dimensional PIC simulations. At the same time the relation between the final THz field and the initial transient ionization current is shown. One- and two-dimensional simulations show that for the THz generation the contribution of the electric current due to ionization is much larger than the one driven by the usual ponderomotive force. Ionization current generated by different laser pulses and gases is also studied numerically. Based on the numerical results we explain the scaling laws for THz emission observed in the recent experiments performed by Xie et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006)]. We also study the effective parameter region for the carrier envelop phase measurement by the use of THz generation.

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