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Blood. 1991 Feb 1;77(3):528-32.

A lifelong bleeding disorder associated with a deficiency of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1.

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  • 1Laboratory of Hematology, University Hospital, Amiens, France.


A 36-year-old patient was investigated for a lifelong history of epistaxis and delayed bleeding after minor surgeries. Deficiencies or abnormalities of the coagulation system, of platelet function, or of factor XIII and alpha-2-antiplasmin were excluded. Consistently, however, over a period of 7 years, a high basal euglobulin fibrinolytic activity was observed that was characterized by a high tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) activity, normal t-PA antigen, and undetectable plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) antigen and activity. The high specific activity of t-PA (640,000 IU/mg) and the minimal amounts of t-PA/PAI-1 complexes detected by fibrin zymography suggest that in this patient all t-PA was active. This is in striking contrast to normal plasma, where the majority of t-PA is complexed to PAI-1. Thus, in this patient, a severe deficiency of PAI-1 is associated with a delayed type bleeding tendency. Our observation underscores the importance of plasma PAI-1 for the stabilization of the hemostatic plug.

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