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J Biol Chem. 2009 Jan 9;284(2):1279-90. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M808285200. Epub 2008 Nov 5.

SPARC inhibits adipogenesis by its enhancement of beta-catenin signaling.

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  • 1Hope Heart Program, Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason, Seattle, Washington 98101, USA.

Abstract

SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine) modulates interactions between cells and extracellular matrix and is enriched in white adipose tissue. We have reported that SPARC-null mice accumulate significantly more fat than wild-type mice and maintain relatively high levels of serum leptin. We now show that SPARC inhibits adipogenesis in vitro. Specifically, recombinant SPARC inhibited (a) adipocyte differentiation of stromal-vascular cells isolated from murine white adipose tissue and (b) the expression of adipogenic transcription factors and adipocyte-specific genes. SPARC induced the accumulation and nuclear translocation of beta-catenin and subsequently enhanced the interaction of beta-catenin and T cell/lymphoid enhancer factor 1. The activity of integrin-linked kinase was required for the effect of SPARC on beta-catenin accumulation as well as extracellular matrix remodeling. During adipogenesis, fusiform preadipocytes change into sphere-shaped adipocytes and convert the extracellular matrix from a fibronectin-rich stroma to a laminin-rich basal lamina. SPARC retarded the morphological changes exhibited by preadipocytes during differentiation. In the presence of SPARC, the deposition of fibronectin was enhanced, and that of laminin was inhibited; in parallel, the expression of alpha5 integrin was enhanced, and that of alpha6 integrin was inhibited. Lithium chloride, which enhances the accumulation of beta-catenin, also inhibited the expression of alpha6 integrin. These findings demonstrate a role for SPARC in adipocyte morphogenesis and in signaling processes leading to terminal differentiation.

PMID:
18990699
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2613608
Free PMC Article
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