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J Health Psychol. 2008 Nov;13(8):1163-72. doi: 10.1177/1359105308095971.

Beyond muscles: unexplored parts of men's body image.

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  • 1School of Psychology, Flinders University, South Australia, Adelaide.


Thus far the study of men's body image has been largely restricted to the dimensions of adiposity and muscularity. The aim of this study was to investigate in a systematic way multiple aspects of men's body images, in particular, head hair, body hair, height and penis size, in addition to body weight and muscularity. Questionnaires were completed online by 200 heterosexual men. It was found that men were dissatisfied with all six aspects of their bodies, and worried primarily about body weight, penis size and height. In addition, aspects of weight, muscularity, height and penis size, but not head or body hair, were related to overall appearance self-esteem. It was concluded that men's body image is both multi-faceted and complex.

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