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Biochem J. 1991 Sep 1;278 ( Pt 2):471-4.

The effect of time of addition of glutamine or nucleosides on proliferation of rat cervical lymph-node T-lymphocytes after stimulation by concanavalin A.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, U.K.


1. Addition of concanavalin A to T-cell lymphocytes from rat cervical lymph nodes increases the activity of glutaminase within 1 h and those of carbamoyl-phosphate synthase II and aspartate transcarbamoylase within 3 h. There was a similar time course for the effects of concanavalin A on rates of glutamine utilization, which was increased within 1 h, and on pyrimidine nucleotide synthesis, which was increased by 40% at 2 h and by 100% at 3 h. 2. A delay in the addition of glutamine to the culture medium after addition of concanavalin A caused a decrease in [3H]thymidine incorporation only after 4-6 h. In the absence of glutamine, delay in addition of guanosine or inosine caused a decrease in [3H]thymidine incorporation only after 6-8 h after the addition of concanavalin A. 3. In contrast, a delay in addition of adenosine or uridine to the culture medium had an immediate effect (i.e. within 2 h) on the rate of incorporation of [3H]thymidine. It is suggested that adenosine and uridine have specific effects on proliferation via specific receptors for these nucleosides in the membrane.

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