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Pathology. 2009 Feb;41(2):127-32. doi: 10.1080/00313020802441683.

Expression of the multidrug resistance protein MRP and the lung-resistance protein LRP in nasal NK/T cell lymphoma: further exploring the role of P53 and WT1 gene.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

AIMS:

Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL) is relatively common in the adult men of Asia. Many patients with nasal NKTL have poor response to therapy. Some of them show P-glycoprotein over-expression. To investigate the expression of other multidrug resistance proteins (MDR) and possible regulatory factors in nasal NKTL, the clinical and pathological features are described.

METHODS:

Thirty Chinese adults with nasal NKTL are presented. Immunohistochemical study was carried out to detect multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP) and lung resistance-related protein (LRP). The association between possible regulatory proteins (P53 and WT1) and MDR were explored. In situ hybridisation for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection, polymerase chain reaction assay for T-cell receptor gene and direct sequencing for the P53 gene were performed.

RESULTS:

Seven (23.3%) and eight (26.7%) patients showed immunoreactivity of MRP and LRP, respectively. Positive staining for both markers was identified in 6.7% (2 cases). The EBV was detected in most cases (97%). Twenty-six (86.7%) cases expressed positive nuclear staining of P53. However, of the cases analysed for P53 mutation, none showed a mutaion at the hot spots studied. WT1 protein was not detected in the nasal NKTL.

CONCLUSION:

Our study reports expression of MRP and LRP in nasal NKTL. The over-expression of P53 is probably associated with high incidence of EBV infection and unlikely a regulatory protein for the expression of MRP and LRP. Further studies are necessary to validate the association between P53 mutation and expression of MRP and LRP in nasal NKTL.

PMID:
18972317
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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