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Transplantation. 1991 Sep;52(3):412-7.

Effect of cold preservation on lymphocyte adherence in the perfused rat liver.

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  • 1Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Ontario, Canada.


A study was designed to determine if cold preservation induces an increase in lymphocyte adherence to liver sinusoids on reperfusion. Rat livers were stored at 1 degree C in University of Wisconsin solution for 45 min, 8 hr, or 30 hr, and then reperfused for 90 min at 37 degrees C in an isolated perfused rat liver apparatus. Just prior to reperfusion, isogeneic rat lymphocytes prepared on a Ficoll-Paque gradient were added to the perfusate. In some studies lymphocytes were labeled with a fluorescent lipophilic membrane marker. There was no change in the number of circulating lymphocytes in an anhepatic circuit. When livers were present in the circuit, lymphocytes were lost from the perfusate into the liver in all studies, with the most rapid decrease occurring within 10 min of reperfusion. The length of preservation had a marked and statistically significant effect on the rate of disappearance of lymphocytes from the perfusate. Reduction by 50% of the number of lymphocytes infused did not affect the results when expressed as percent lymphocytes remaining in perfusate. To exclude the possibility that the loss of lymphocytes into the liver was due to a damaged subpopulation of lymphocytes, two livers stored 3 for 45 min were put into the circuit in sequence. The percent reduction in cells due to exposure to a second liver was not significantly different from that observed when cells were exposed only to a single liver. Histological studies showed fluorescence-labeled lymphocytes adherent in sinusoids, and the number of labeled cells was directly related to the length of preservation. Cold preservation induces an increase in lymphocyte adherence in the reperfused liver, which might be important in graft malfunction and rejection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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