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Talanta. 2004 Aug 8;63(5):1231-40. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2004.05.043.

Measurement of PCDDs, PCDFs, and non-ortho-PCBs by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-isotope dilution time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC x GC-IDTOFMS).

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  • 1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), Division of Laboratory Sciences (DLS), Organic Analytical Toxicology (OAT) Branch, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Mail Stop F-17, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA.


Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with isotope-dilution time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC x GC-IDTOFMS) was used to measure polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (PCDD), polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF), and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyl (cPCB) concentrations in ash, sediment, vegetation, and fish samples. The GC x GC capability was achieved by using a quad jet, dual stage, thermal modulator. Zone compression of the GC peaks from modulation resulted in a significant increase of the signal intensity over classical GC-IDTOFMS. The GC x GC column set used an Rtx-Dioxin 2 phase as the first dimension ((1)D ) and an Rtx-500 as the second dimension ((2)D ). The chromatographic separation of the 17 PCDD/Fs and the 4 cPCBs was attained in (1)D except for 2,3,7,8-TCDD and CB126 for which deconvoluted ion currents (DIC) were required to be reported separately. The Rtx-500 phase separated the bulk matrix interfering compounds from the target analytes in (2)D . The instrumental limit of detection (iLODs) was 0.5pg for 2,3,7,8-TCDD. The calibration curves showed good correlation coefficients for all the compounds investigated in the concentration range of 0.5-200pg. GC x GC-IDTOFMS results compared favorably to those from conventional isotope-dilution one-dimensional gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-IDHRMS). The comprehensive mass analysis of the TOFMS further permitted the identification of other contaminants of concern in the samples.

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