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Talanta. 2000 Apr 28;51(5):1027-33.

Nickel and zinc determination by flow-injection solid-phase spectrophotometry exploiting different sorption rates.

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  • 1Instituto de Quimica, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil.


Flow-injection solid-phase spectrophotometry is applied for sequential determination of nickel and zinc, exploiting their different sorption rates on 1-(2-thiazolylazo)-2-naphthol (TAN) immobilized on C(18)-bonded silica. The Zn(II) sorption rate on the solid support is constant for flow rates ranging from 0.70 to 2.2 ml min(-1), but for Ni(II) the sorption rate decreases with increasing flow rate. A flow system was designed to perform sequential measurements at two different flow rates (0.85 and 1.9 ml min(-1)). The absorbance was measured at 595 nm, where both TAN-immobilized complexes showed maximum absorption. The coefficients of variation were estimated (n=10) as 1.1 and 1.7% (at 1.9 ml min(-1)) and 1.2 and 2.1% (at 0.85 ml min(-1)) for zinc and nickel, respectively. This strategy was applied to determine zinc and nickel in copper-based alloys and the results agreed with certified values at the 95% confidence level. The sample throughput was estimated as 36 h(-1).

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