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J Environ Radioact. 2008 Dec;99(12):1863-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2008.09.001. Epub 2008 Oct 25.

Radioprotection of nonhuman biota.

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  • 1Washington State Department of Ecology, Spokane, WA 99205, USA.


Radioprotection has historically focused on humans with the assumption that human protection confers protection of nonhuman biota. However, there is a need to scientifically and independently demonstrate protection of nonhuman biota. Approaches to address impacts of radiation on nonhuman biota include applying an ecological risk assessment paradigm, setting dose limits, defining reference organisms, and assessing a geographic region. Recommendations include harmonization of a radioprotection framework for both humans and nonhuman biota, a consistent methodology to evaluate radionuclide and nonradionuclide contaminants, a graded assessment approach, development of dosimetric models for reference organisms, compilation of a radiological effects database, and periodic expert review of methodology.

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