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Lab Anim (NY). 2008 Nov;37(11):513-9. doi: 10.1038/laban1108-513.

Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) as a laboratory animal model.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Biological Imaging Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.


For the past 50 years, the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) has been a popular animal model in numerous fields of research. The quail's 16-d developmental period and its easily accessible embryo make C. japonica a convenient model for studies of developmental biology. Because its lifespan is relatively short and its physiology is comparable to that of humans, the adult quail is useful for studies of aging and disease. The authors describe the Japanese quail as an animal model and, drawing on their experience raising a quail colony at the California Institute of Technology, present detailed guidelines for the husbandry of the species.

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