Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2008 Nov;20(6):656-61. doi: 10.1097/BOR.0b013e3283118711.

Imaging tools for the clinical assessment of idiopathic inflammatory myositis.

Author information

  • Department of Rheumatology, Basel University, Basel, Switzerland. ulrich.walker@fps-basel.ch

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

To summarize advances in the imaging of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies.

RECENT FINDINGS:

T2-weighted MRI with fat suppression or short tau inversion recovery sequences are the most sensitive and specific routine method of polymyositis and dermatomyositis imaging. MRI also represents an important aid in the identification of biopsy sites, with whole-body MRI sensitively visualizing the distribution of muscle involvement throughout the body. Ultrasound may be a cost-effective alternative to MRI, with contrast-enhanced ultrasound also permitting the assessment of muscle vascularization. PET sensitively detects increased muscle metabolism and simultaneously screens for underlying malignancies in dermatomyositis. Most scintigraphic techniques have a low sensitivity and specificity in the detection of muscle involvement, and it is unclear whether they provide an added benefit. New MRI techniques, such as T2 mapping, diffusion-weighted imaging and blood oxygenation level-dependent imaging, can provide information on muscle recruitment, myofibrillar structure and blood supply.

SUMMARY:

In suspected myositis, muscle imaging should be strongly considered prior to obtaining a muscle biopsy. Future research should prospectively study the use of muscle imaging in the evaluation of treatment response and muscle function.

PMID:
18946324
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk