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Br J Surg. 2008 Dec;95(12):1501-5. doi: 10.1002/bjs.6318.

Ten-year clinical outcome of a prospective randomized clinical trial of laparoscopic Nissen versus anterior 180( degrees ) partial fundoplication.

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  • 1Flinders University Department of Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A randomized trial of laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication and anterior 180 degrees partial fundoplication was undertaken to determine whether the anterior procedure might reduce the incidence of dysphagia and other adverse outcomes following surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. This study evaluated clinical outcomes after 10 years.

METHODS:

Some 107 patients were randomized to undergo laparoscopic Nissen or anterior 180 degrees partial fundoplication. Ten-year data were not available for 18 patients. Information was obtained from 89 patients (48 Nissen, 41 anterior fundoplication) using a standard clinical questionnaire that focused on symptoms of reflux, potential postoperative side-effects and overall satisfaction with the outcome of surgery.

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to reflux symptoms, dysphagia, abdominal bloating, ability to belch and overall satisfaction. Between 5 and 10 years after surgery, revisional surgery was required for reflux in two patients after anterior fundoplication. Two patients had revision after Nissen fundoplication, for reflux and recurrent hiatus hernia.

CONCLUSION:

Both laparoscopic anterior 180 degrees partial and Nissen fundoplication are safe, effective and durable at 10 years' follow-up. Most patients are satisfied with the clinical outcome.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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