Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Oncol. 2008 Dec 1;26(34):5596-602. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2008.18.0406. Epub 2008 Oct 20.

Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D, VDR polymorphisms, and survival in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.

Author information

  • 1Massachusetts General Hospital, USA.



We showed previously that in early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), serum vitamin D levels and VDR polymorphisms were associated with survival. We hypothesized that vitamin D levels and VDR polymorphisms may also affect survival among patients with advanced NSCLC.


We evaluated the relationship between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels; VDR polymorphisms, including Cdx-2 G>A (rs11568820), FokI C>T (rs10735810), and BsmI C>T (rs144410); and overall survival among patients with advanced NSCLC. Analyses of survival outcomes were performed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards models, adjusting for sex, stage, and performance status.


There were 294 patients and 233 deaths, with median follow-up of 42 months. We found no difference in survival by circulating vitamin D level. The C/C genotype of the FokI polymorphism was associated with improved survival: median survival for C/C was 21.4 months, for C/T was 12.1 months, and for T/T was 15.6 months (log-rank P = .005). There were no significant effects on survival by the Cdx-2 or BsMI polymorphism. However, having increasing numbers of protective alleles was associated with improved survival (adjusted hazard ratio for two or more v zero to one protective alleles, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.79; P = .0008). On haplotype analysis, the G-T-C (Cdx-2-FokI-BsmI) haplotype was associated with worse survival compared with the most common haplotype of G-C-T (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.21 to 2.14; P = .001).


There was no main effect of vitamin D level on overall survival in the advanced NSCLC population. The T allele of the VDR FokI>T polymorphism and the G-T-C (Cdx-2-FokI-BsmI) haplotype were associated with worse survival.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk