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J Forensic Leg Med. 2008 Nov;15(8):493-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jflm.2008.05.004. Epub 2008 Aug 9.

Suicidal hanging in Manipal, South India - victim profile and gender differences.

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  • 1Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.


Suicide is an important health hazard worldwide. Hanging is one of the preferred means of committing suicide in India. The current research is aimed to describe the victimologic profile and find the gender differences in suicidal hanging in Manipal, South India. A 10-year retrospective review of medicolegal autopsy records was conducted at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal. A total of 70 cases of suicidal hanging autopsied during the study period spanning from January 1997 to December 2006 were identified. Data on suicidal hanging was obtained, analysed and compared for males and females using Microsoft Excel and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows, version 10.0. Males were predominantly affected (male:female - 2:1). Maximum victims of suicidal hanging were Hindus in their 3rd decade of life. Mean age for males and females was 40.62 years and 29.96 years respectively. Maximum mortalities were noted during summer months. Identification of target population is the prime issue before the process of prevention and health promotion is initiated. A difference in pattern of suicidal hanging exists among males and females. Thus, psychosocial correlates should be addressed separately for males and females in epidemiological studies for identification of population at risk and strategies for prevention.

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