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Pharmacogenomics. 2008 Oct;9(10):1429-36. doi: 10.2217/14622416.9.10.1429.

G-protein gene 825C>T polymorphism is associated with response to clozapine in Brazilian schizophrenics.

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  • 1Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Departamento de Genética, Instituto de Biociências, Caixa Postal 15053, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Abstract

AIMS:

Clozapine treatment of schizophrenia is effective only in 30-60% of individuals. Since genetic factors are believed to play a significant role in the variation of response to antipsychotics, the aim of the present study was to verify the effect of a G-protein gene polymorphism on clozapine response and clozapine-induced generalized seizures in Brazilian patients with schizophrenia.

PATIENTS & METHODS:

In total, 121 schizophrenic patients in treatment with clozapine were genotyped for the 825C>T polymorphism it the GNB3 gene using PCR.

RESULTS:

Homozygosity for the T825 allele was more frequent among nonresponders (chi(2) = 7.708; p = 0.021), and carriers of this allele had a higher risk to present a convulsion episode (chi(2) = 7.279; p = 0.007). These results were confirmed after controlling for covariates by logistic regression.

CONCLUSION:

Our data suggest an influence of the 825C>T polymorphism on clozapine response in persons with schizophrenia and also on a specific neurological side effect (generalized seizures) under clozapine treatment.

PMID:
18855531
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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