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Diabetologia. 1991 Jun;34(6):429-34.

Follow-up of cyclosporin A treatment in type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus: lack of long-term effects.

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  • 1Diabetes Research Institute, University of Düsseldorf, FRG.


In the Canadian/European randomized controlled study on cyclosporin A (CsA) in recent onset Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes, treatment with the immunosuppressive drug had increased and maintained Beta-cell function and clinical remission during the first 12 months. Following discontinuation of the study drug and double-blinding after a mean of 13.8 months former CsA patients doubled the daily insulin dose within 6 months reaching the level of former placebo patients. The difference in Beta-cell function between the two groups was also lost. Metabolic control (HbA1c) was transiently worse in the former CsA group. Adverse effects of cyclosporin A on systolic blood pressure, haemoglobin levels, serum potassium and creatinine levels also remitted during that time. We conclude that treatment with cyclosporin A for a mean of 13.8 months had no long-lasting effect on the course of Type 1 diabetes persisting beyond drug discontinuation.

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