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J Hazard Mater. 2009 May 30;164(2-3):820-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.08.075. Epub 2008 Aug 29.

Sorptive removal of endocrine-disruptive compound (estriol, E3) from aqueous phase by batch and column studies: kinetic and mechanistic evaluation.

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  • 1Bioengineering and Environmental Centre, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, India.


Endocrine disruptive compounds (EDC) are a wide variety of chemicals which typically exert effects, either directly or indirectly, through receptor-mediated processes. They mimic endogenous hormones by influencing the activities of hormone activities even at nanogram concentrations and reported to disrupt the vital systems (e.g., the endocrine system) in aquatic organisms. The EDC are present in aquatic water bodies and sediments mainly due to the release of human and animal excreted waste. Estriol (E3) removal by adsorption process was investigated in this study to evaluate the potential of activated charcoal as adsorbent. Agitated non-flow batch sorption studies showed good E3 removal efficiency. Sorption kinetic data illustrated good fit with pseudo-first-order rate equation. Experimental data confirmed to linear Langmuir's isotherm model. Neutral pH condition showed comparatively good sorption of E3. Adsorption capacity showed a consistent increasing trend with increase in the operating temperature [DeltaH degrees , -9.189 kJ/mol); DeltaS degrees , 0.492 J/mol K) suggesting exothermic nature of E3 sorption process. Free energy (DeltaG degrees ) increased from 2.51 to 2.97 kJ/mol with increase in temperature from 0 to 50 degrees C. Further, E3 spiked distilled water, untreated domestic sewage and treated domestic sewage were studied in fixed bed column to assesses the potential of sorption process as tertiary unit operation in the ETP system. Total E3 concentration was determined quantitatively by employing direct competitive enzymatic-immuno assay (EIA) procedure.

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