Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Free Radic Biol Med. 2008 Dec 15;45(12):1631-41. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2008.08.031. Epub 2008 Sep 17.

Age, sex, and race influence single-strand break repair capacity in a human population.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, National Institute on Aging, NIH, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.


Recently, we developed an improved comet assay protocol for evaluating single-strand break repair capacity (SSB-RC) in unstimulated cryopreserved human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). This methodology facilitates control of interexperimental variability [A.R. Trzeciak, J. Barnes, M.K. Evans, A modified alkaline comet assay for measuring DNA repair capacity in human populations. Radiat. Res. 169 (2008) 110-121]. The fast component of SSB repair (F-SSB-RC) was assessed using a novel parameter, the initial rate of DNA repair, and the widely used half-time of DNA repair. The slow component of SSB repair (S-SSB-RC) was estimated using the residual DNA damage after 60 min. We have examined repair of gamma-radiation-induced DNA damage in PBMCs from four age-matched groups of male and female whites and African-Americans between ages 30 and 64. There is an increase in F-SSB-RC with age in white females (P<0.01) and nonsignificant decrease in F-SSB-RC in African-American females (P=0.061). F-SSB-RC is lower in white females than in white males (P<0.01). There is a decrease in F-SSB-RC with age in African-American females as compared to white females (P<0.002) and African-American males (nonsignificant, P=0.059). Age, sex, and race had a similar effect on intercellular variability of DNA damage in gamma-irradiated and repairing PBMCs. Our findings suggest that age, sex, and race influence SSB-RC as measured by the alkaline comet assay. SSB-RC may be a useful clinical biomarker.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk