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Contemp Nurse. 2008 Apr;28(1-2):119-28.

Integrative simulation: a novel approach to educating culturally competent nurses.

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  • 1School of Nursing, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA.


Nursing education faces many challenges as a result of the population's increased cultural diversification. Of primary importance is the need to prepare culturally competent nurses to provide care in both urban and remote rural areas. This paper presents a HRSA funded program that utilises simulations to provide culturally diverse learning opportunities for both university-based and distance learning students. Cases are developed using focus groups and individual interviews. The information is used with standardised patients to develop vignettes that are loaded into a web-based virtual hospital where students conduct interviews with culturally diverse patients. The information obtained during the interview is then used to provide hands-on care to a high performance simulator (simulated mannequin). The encounters are videotaped for use in debriefing sessions with the students, for educational programs in the classroom, and for video-streaming to web-based distance students. Students in the debriefing sessions and classroom participate in a review of the videotape using the Personal Response System to respond to question. Through the culturally enhanced integrated simulation, students have an opportunity to address clinical situations and the impact of culture in a relatively safe non-threatening environment where the impact of their biases can be explored.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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