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Women Health. 2008;47(4):91-108. doi: 10.1080/03630240802100747.

Incorporating self-efficacy and interpersonal support in an intervention to increase physical activity in older women.

Author information

  • 1Creighton University, School of Nursing, 2500 California Plaza, Omaha, NE 68178, USA. cindycostanzo@creighton.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the efficacy of five versus one session of Behavioral Counseling in a 12-week intervention to increase self-efficacy and family and friend support for activity, and examine self-efficacy and support as mediators of activity among 46 urban women.

METHODS:

A randomized, controlled trial conducted during 2004 in Omaha, Nebraska. Outcomes were analyzed with Repeated Measures-ANOVA and path analysis.

FINDINGS:

No significant change was observed in self-efficacy in the five-session group, but a significant decrease was observed in the one-session group (p = .005). Family and friend support increased significantly in the five-session group (p < .001, p = .019). The intervention effect on activity was mediated through change in self-efficacy and family support.

CONCLUSIONS:

Five behavioral counseling sessions maintained self-efficacy and increased family and friend support although the intervention did not directly affect activity.

IMPLICATIONS:

The intervention can be replicated within various community settings.

PMID:
18843942
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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