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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2009 Jan;202(1-3):111-23. doi: 10.1007/s00213-008-1334-1. Epub 2008 Oct 7.

Impact of regional 5-HT depletion on the cognitive enhancing effects of a typical 5-ht(6) receptor antagonist, Ro 04-6790, in the Novel Object Discrimination task.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Neuroscience, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham NG72UH, UK. madeleine.king@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Selective 5-ht(6) receptor antagonists like Ro 04-6790 prolong memory in many rodent preclinical paradigms, possibly by blocking tonic 5-HT-evoked GABA release and allowing disinhibition of cortico-limbic glutamatergic and cholinergic neurones. If this is the case, behavioural responses to Ro 04-6790 should be abolished by depletion of endogenous 5-HT, and selective lesions of dorsal raphé (DR) or median raphé (MR) 5-HT pathways would allow the neuroanatomical substrates underlying the cognitive effects of 5-ht(6) receptor antagonists to be elucidated.

OBJECTIVES:

This study compared the effect of Ro 04-6790 on novel object discrimination (NOD) before and after sham or 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT)-induced lesions produced by injection into the lateral ventricles (LV), DR or MR.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

NOD tests used a 4 h inter-trial interval (ITI) and Ro 04-6790 (10 mg kg(-1) i.p.) was administered 20 min before the familiarization trial. Brain region-specific 5-HT depletion was assessed by high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-ED).

RESULTS:

Widespread LV or selective MR, but not DR lesions, abolished the ability of Ro 04-6790 to delay natural forgetting. Successful performance of all lesioned rats in subsequent 'drug-free' NOD tests using a 1 h ITI excluded the possibility of any confounding effects on visual acuity or motivation.

CONCLUSIONS:

The ability of Ro 04-6790 to prolong object recognition memory requires blockade of MR 5-HT function. Because DR lesions did not produce the expected depletion of striatal 5-HT an additional contribution of DR inputs to this region cannot be completely excluded.

PMID:
18839151
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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