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Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao. 2008 Jul;24(7):1210-5.

[Construction of human-bovine interspecies embryos and investigation of interspecies embryonic mitochondrial source].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Bioengineering Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, Northwest Agricultural & Forestry University, Yangling 712100, China.

Abstract

Obtaining human blastocysts is a prerequisite for cell replacement therapy using embryonic stem cells. We established an interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) technique for producing blastocysts without sacrificing human oocytes. Human foetal fibroblasts were used as donor cells injected into the enucleated bovine oocytes in nuclear transfer, whereas bovine foetal fibroblasts were used to produce intraspecies embryos. We also examined the fate of human and bovine mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) during preimplantation development after nuclear transfer by PCR. PCR analysis for the detection of human and bovine mtDNA was done at the 2,8-morula, and blastocyst stages of the embryos.

RESULT:

2.8% interspecies embryos developed to blastocysts after cultured in an SOF medium, while blastocyst rate of intraspecies embryos were 10.1%. Both human and bovine mtDNAs existed until the morula stage, whereas only the bovine mtDNA was found at the blastocyst stage. These results indicated that interspecies cloning without using human oocytes could generate human blastocysts. Because of the incoordination between bovine mtDNA and human nuclear gene, developmental rate of interspecies embryos was significantly lower than intraspecie. Whether the embryonic stem cell could be used for cell replacement therapy need further research.

PMID:
18837397
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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