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World Psychiatry. 2008 Oct;7(3):131-6.

Diagnosing and treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adults.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Upstate Medical University, NY, USA.


Adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a valid and impairing psychiatric disorder. In this article, we review the diagnosis of ADHD in adults, focusing on symptom presentation differences between pediatric and adult ADHD as well as the importance of assessing functional impairments. Differentiating ADHD from other clinical disorders is often the most difficult part of making an ADHD diagnosis in adults. Psychiatric comorbidities are also described and discussed as potential impact factors upon not only diagnosing ADHD but also treatment of adult ADHD. Especially in those adults with psychiatric comorbidities, treatments need to be multimodal and include both pharmacotherapy and psychosocial interventions.


Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; adult, comorbidity; psychosocial interventions; stimulant medications

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