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Depress Anxiety. 2008;25(12):1020-7. doi: 10.1002/da.20431.

Emotional burden in caregivers of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, Psychology, and Psychiatry, Botucatu Medical School-UNESP, Botucatu (São Paulo), Brazil. ateresa@fmb.unesp.br

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the emotional burden, psychological morbidity, and level of family accommodation in caregivers of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients, according to sociodemographic and clinical factors.

METHODS:

Fifty Brazilian DSM-IV OCD patients and their caregivers were evaluated using the Family Accommodation Scale, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), the Self-Report Questionnaire (caregivers), the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory (patients). Most caregivers (80%) were aged between 30 and 59 years and lived with the patient (88%).

RESULTS:

Forty-two percent presented a common mental disorder and their mean ZBI score was 28.9. Family accommodation was moderate in 26% and severe or very severe in 24%. Caregivers' levels of psychological morbidity, accommodation, and emotional burden were associated with each other and with the severity of patient obsessive-compulsive and depressive symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that caregivers of OCD patients have important levels of burden and psychological morbidity and should receive orientation and support to minimize this emotional impact.

PMID:
18833578
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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