Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2008;4(3):575-96.

Fibrosis in diabetes complications: pathogenic mechanisms and circulating and urinary markers.

Author information

  • 1Discipline of Medicine and Department of Endocrinology, The University of Sydney and Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Sydney, New South Wales, 2006, Australia.


Diabetes mellitus is characterized by a lack of insulin causing elevated blood glucose, often with associated insulin resistance. Over time, especially in genetically susceptible individuals, such chronic hyperglycemia can cause tissue injury. One pathological response to tissue injury is the development of fibrosis, which involves predominant extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. The main factors that regulate ECM in diabetes are thought to be pro-sclerotic cytokines and protease/anti-protease systems. This review will examine the key markers and regulators of tissue fibrosis in diabetes and whether their levels in biological fluids may have clinical utility.


diabetic complications; extracellular matrix; markers

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Dove Medical Press Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk