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J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Oct 29;130(43):14201-6. doi: 10.1021/ja8032444. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Postsynthesis racemization and place exchange reactions. Another step to unravel the origin of chirality for chiral ligand-capped gold nanoparticles.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Manitoba, 144 Dysart Road, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3T 2N2.

Abstract

We examine how postsynthesis nanoparticle ligand shell modifications as a general approach can help in the understanding of currently proposed mechanisms for gold nanoparticle chirality. We compare the CD response of chirally decorated mixed-monolayer-protected gold nanoparticles synthesized in situ with quasi-identical gold nanoparticles either prepared by place exchange reactions or subjected to an aqueous base, resulting in partial hydrolysis and simultaneous partial racemization. We find that the CD response at wavelengths where the free chiral ligand does not absorb strongly depends on the preparation conditions, i.e., in situ synthesis vs place exchange, and that postsynthesis racemization of the chiral ligand produces racemic nanoparticles with no CD response, i.e., no induction of a chiral bias during reductive nanoparticle formation. Considering all experimental results for the described gold nanoparticle system with a C12H24 spacer between the nanoparticle surface and chiral center, the so-called "vicinal effect" with the formation of a supramolecular assembly of the chiral moieties seems to be active. Finally, we argue that postsynthesis nanoparticle ligand shell modifications such as racemization and/or place exchange reactions are very powerful tools to unravel contributions of the different gold nanoparticle chirality mechanisms.

PMID:
18826312
[PubMed]
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