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Dev Biol (Basel). 2008;132:99-104.

A combined transcriptomic approach to analyse the dialogue between pseudorabies virus and porcine cells.

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  • 1INRA, DGA, UMR 314, Laboratoire de Radiobiologie et d'Etude du Génome, Jouy-en-Josas, France. laurence.flori@jouy.inra.fr

Abstract

The pseudorabies virus (PrV), a porcine Alphaherpesvirus, is a good model for the study of virus-host cell dialog. As PrV has a strong tropism for mucous epithelial cells, we chose to follow in vitro the PrV time course-infection of porcine PK15 cells. The viral and cellular transcriptome modifications were simultaneously analysed using a combined SLA/PrV cDNA microarray, the porcine Qiagen-NRSP8 oligonucleotides microarray and real time quantitative PCR.Ahigh increase in viral gene expression was found from 4 h post-infection (PI), concomitantly to the first viral progeny and most viral genes were differentially expressed 12 h PI. No early global cellular shutoff was observed but many cellular genes were downregulated between 8 and 12 h PI, when UL41 transcripts encoding the virion shutoff protein, were first detected. Several genes involved in the MHC class I mediated antigenic pathway were downregulated including SLA-la, TAP1, TAP2, PSMB8 and PSMB9 genes. These results suggested that PrV prevents the viral antigen presentation by epithelial cells to cytotoxic T lymphocytes by decreasing transcription levels of SLA Ia mediated antigenic pathway genes. Other genes involved in the immune response, the apoptosis pathway, nucleic acid metabolism and cytoskeleton also appeared to be regulated during PrV infection. The combined approach will help to decipher host response evasion strategies developed by PrV and to study early cellular modifications.

PMID:
18817291
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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