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Rev Med Interne. 2009 Jul;30(7):592-601. doi: 10.1016/j.revmed.2008.08.010. Epub 2008 Sep 23.

[Potentially inappropriate medications in the elderly: a list adapted to French medical practice].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Service de pharmacologie-toxicologie, centre régional de pharmacovigilance, hôpital Dupuytren, CHU de Limoges, 87042 Limoges cedex, France.


Drug induced adverse effects are frequently encountered in geriatrics. Their occurrence can be limited by an adapted prescription. Potentially inappropriate medications are drugs with an unfavourable benefit to risk ratio when other safer or more efficient therapeutic alternatives are available. An expert consensus allowed us to establish a new list of potentially inappropriate medications for people aged 75 or over, taking into account French prescribing habits. The drugs or the drug-classes proposed in this list are, generally speaking, and when possible, to be avoided in the elderly, but can be prescribed at times, under special clinical conditions, provided that the benefit to risk ratio is assessed. The French list proposed here could be considered as (i) an epidemiological tool for evaluating the quality of drug prescription in geriatrics and as (ii) a prescription guide suggesting an alternative treatment whenever a therapeutic alarm is raised. This guide could be used both as a base for the education of prescribers and as a way of increasing patients awareness. This French list should be kept up-to-date so as to remain adapted to the evolution of the knowledge on the effect of drugs in the elderly and of the pharmaceutical market.

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