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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2008 Oct 1;72(4):513-21. doi: 10.1002/ccd.21698.

Left ventricular unloading with intra-aortic counter pulsation prior to reperfusion reduces myocardial release of endothelin-1 and decreases infarction size in a porcine ischemia-reperfusion model.

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  • 1Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 77030, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We tested the hypothesis that unloading the left ventricle with intra-aortic balloon counter-pulsation just prior to reperfusion provides infarct salvage compared with left ventricular (LV) unloading postreperfusion or reperfusion alone.

BACKGROUND:

Previous reports demonstrated infarct salvage with complete LV unloading with an LVAD prior to reperfusion; however, partial LV unloading using intra-aortic balloon pumps (IABPs) has not been evaluated.

METHODS:

Twenty-eight Yorkshire pigs were subjected to 1 hr of left anterior descending artery occlusion and 4 hr of reperfusion. An IABP was inserted and activated just prior to reperfusion (IABP-Pre), or 15 min after reperfusion (IABP-Post), or not at all (control).

RESULTS:

At baseline, the hemodynamic data were similar in the three groups. Myocardial infarct size expressed a percentage of zone at risk in control animals was 44.9% +/- 4.8%, IAPB-Pre group 20.9% +/- 5.1% (P < 0.05 compared to control), and IABP-Post group 33.2 +/- 6.1% (P = 0.16 vs. control group). There was a correlation between transcardiac endothelin-1 release at 15 min postreperfusion and infarct size (r = 0.59).

CONCLUSION:

LV unloading with an IABP prior to reperfusion reduces the extent of myocardial necrosis in hearts subjected to 1 hr of left anterior descending artery occlusion and 4 hr of reperfusion compared with either reperfusion alone or LV unloading after reperfusion. Inhibition of myocardial ET-1 release by LV unloading may be a significant mechanism of myocardial protection. These data suggest that in high-risk STEMI patients, IABP unloading prior to reperfusion might be more beneficial than IABP placement postreperfusion.

2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
18814226
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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