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Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2008 Sep;66(3A):494-9.

Trigger factors in migraine patients.

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  • 1Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, São Bernardo, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Migraine is a chronic neurological disease with several trigger factors, including dietary, hormonal and environmental factors.

PURPOSE:

To analyse precipitating factors in a sample of migraine patients.

METHOD:

Two hundred consecutive migraine patients were interviewed about possible trigger factors for migraine attacks.

RESULTS:

Most patients showed at least one dietary trigger, fasting was the most frequent one, followed by alcohol and chocolate. Hormonal factors appeared in 53%, being the pre-menstrual period the most frequent trigger. Physical activities caused migraine in 13%, sexual activities in 2.5% and 64% reported emotional stress a trigger factor. 81% related some sleep problem as a trigger factor. Regarding environmental factors, smells were reported by 36.5%.

CONCLUSION:

Trigger factors are frequent in migraine patients, its avoidance may decrease headache frequency and also improve patients' quality of life.

PMID:
18813707
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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