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Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2008 Oct;22(5):297-304. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2007.08.007.

Smoking cessation and serious mental illness.

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  • 1College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612-7350, USA.


A focus group methodology was employed to identify personal, social, and environmental factors that affect smoking cessation in persons with serious mental illness. Four focus groups were held: two for those who had attempted to quit smoking and two for those who had never attempted to quit. Smoking is central to daily survival in patients with serious mental illness. Social and environmental reinforcement can both assist and hinder efforts to stop smoking. Smoke-free environments influence decisions to quit smoking if positive social comparisons with nonsmokers occur. Peer modeling and interpersonal connections with nonsmokers can offer links to forming supportive nonsmoking relationships.

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