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Fertil Steril. 2009 Oct;92(4):1318-25. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.08.022. Epub 2008 Sep 20.

Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study.

Author information

  • 1Center for Reproductive Medicine, Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA. Agarwaa@ccf.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate effects of cellular phone radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) during talk mode on unprocessed (neat) ejaculated human semen.

DESIGN:

Prospective pilot study.

SETTING:

Center for reproductive medicine laboratory in tertiary hospital setting.

SAMPLES:

Neat semen samples from normal healthy donors (n = 23) and infertile patients (n = 9).

INTERVENTION(S):

After liquefaction, neat semen samples were divided into two aliquots. One aliquot (experimental) from each patient was exposed to cellular phone radiation (in talk mode) for 1 h, and the second aliquot (unexposed) served as the control sample under identical conditions.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Evaluation of sperm parameters (motility, viability), reactive oxygen species (ROS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of semen, ROS-TAC score, and sperm DNA damage.

RESULT(S):

Samples exposed to RF-EMW showed a significant decrease in sperm motility and viability, increase in ROS level, and decrease in ROS-TAC score. Levels of TAC and DNA damage showed no significant differences from the unexposed group.

CONCLUSION(S):

Radiofrequency electromagnetic waves emitted from cell phones may lead to oxidative stress in human semen. We speculate that keeping the cell phone in a trouser pocket in talk mode may negatively affect spermatozoa and impair male fertility.

PMID:
18804757
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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