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J Med Chem. 2008 Sep 25;51(18):5813-22. doi: 10.1021/jm800615e.

Structural modifications of N-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)-4-aryl-1-piperazinehexanamides: influence on lipophilicity and 5-HT7 receptor activity. Part III.

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  • 1Universit√† degli Studi di Bari, Dipartimento Farmaco-Chimico, via Orabona, 4, 70125 Bari, Italy. leopoldo@farmchim.uniba.i.


Starting from the previously reported 5-HT 7 receptor agents 4-7 with N-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-1-yl)-4-aryl-1-piperazinehexanamide structure, the 1-(2-methylthiophenyl)-, 1-(2-diphenyl)-, 1-(2-isopropylphenyl)-, and 1-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine derivatives 8-31 were designed with the primary aim to obtain new compounds endowed with suitable physicochemical properties for rapid and extensive penetration into the brain. The affinities for 5-HT 7, 5-HT 1A, and D 2 receptors of compounds 8-31 were assessed, and several compounds displayed 5-HT 7 receptor affinities in the nanomolar range. Among these, N-(4-cyanophenylmethyl)-4-(2-diphenyl)-1-piperazinehexanamide (25) showed high 5-HT 7 receptor affinity (Ki = 0.58 nM), high selectivity over 5-HT 1A and D 2 receptors (324- and 245-fold, respectively), and agonist properties (maximal effect = 82%, EC 50 = 0.60 microM). After intraperitoneal injection in mice, 25 rapidly reached the systemic circulation and entered the brain. Its brain concentration-time profile paralleled that in plasma, indicating that 25 rapidly and freely distributes across the blood-brain barrier. Compound 25 underwent N-dealkylation to the corresponding 1-arylpiperazine metabolite.

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