Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proteins. 2009 Apr;75(1):111-7. doi: 10.1002/prot.22225.

Molecular basis for dimer formation of TRbeta variant D355R.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, California 94158, USA.


Protein quality and stability are critical during protein purification for X-ray crystallography. A target protein that is easy to manipulate and crystallize becomes a valuable product useful for high-throughput crystallography for drug design and discovery. In this work, a single surface mutation, D355R, was shown to be crucial for converting the modestly stable monomeric ligand binding domain of the human thyroid hormone receptor (TR LBD) into a stable dimer. The structure of D335R TR LBD mutant was solved using X-ray crystallography and refined to 2.2 A resolution with R(free)/R values of 24.5/21.7. The crystal asymmetric unit reveals the TR dimer with two molecules of the hormone-bound LBD related by twofold symmetry. The ionic interface between the two LBDs comprises residues within loop H10-H11 and loop H6-H7 as well as the C-terminal halves of helices 8 of both protomers. Direct intermolecular contacts formed between the introduced residue Arg 355 of one TR molecule and Glu 324 of the second molecule become a part of the extended dimerization interface of 1330 A(2) characteristic for a strong complex assembly that is additionally strengthened by buffer solutes.

(c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk