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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2008 Nov 15;72(6):761-70. doi: 10.1002/ccd.21674.

A randomized comparison of the magnetic navigation system versus conventional percutaneous coronary intervention.

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  • 1Thoraxcenter, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

A randomized comparison of the magnetic navigation system (MNS) to conventional guidewire techniques in percutaneous coronary interventions.

BACKGROUND:

The MNS precisely directs a magnetized guidewire in vivo through two permanent external magnets.

METHODS:

A total of 111 consecutive patients were enrolled. Crossing success, crossing-/fluoroscopy times, and contrast usage were directly compared. Lesions were classified according to the AHA/ACC criteria. Three tertiles of vessel/lesion complexity [low (<5), medium (6-10) and high (>10)] were defined using 3D reconstructions and angiographic information.

RESULTS:

The crossing success for magnetic and the conventional wires were 93.3 and 95.6%, respectively. Crossing and fluoroscopy times were longer with the magnetic wires (72.9 +/- 50.3 sec vs. 58.1 +/- 47.2 sec, P < 0.001 and 66.2 +/- 44.1 sec vs. 55.2 +/- 44.4 sec, P = 0.03, respectively). In vessels with low and medium complexity the magnetic wires had significantly longer times (P < 0.001) but for those with high scores (>10) a trend towards shorter times was observed. The MNS resulted in a small but significant reduction in contrast usage (2.3 +/- 3.5 ml vs. 4.5 +/- 4.4 ml, P < 0.001). Moreover by superimposing a virtual roadmap of the vessel on the live fluoroscopy image 48% of the lesions were crossed without requiring contrast agents with the MNS.

CONCLUSION:

The MNS has comparable crossing success to conventional PCI. It is relatively slower but there is a trend to support a potential advantage in more complex vessels. By simultaneously employing a virtual roadmap there is a small but significant reduction in contrast usage.

(c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
18798236
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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