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Bull World Health Organ. 2008 Sep;86(9):703-9.

Effectiveness of brief intervention and contact for suicide attempters: a randomized controlled trial in five countries.

Author information

  • 1Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. fleischmanna@who.int

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether brief intervention and contact is effective in reducing subsequent suicide mortality among suicide attempters in low and middle-income countries.

METHODS:

Suicide attempters (n = 1867) identified by medical staff in the emergency units of eight collaborating hospitals in five culturally different sites (Campinas, Brazil; Chennai, India; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Karaj, Islamic Republic of Iran; and Yuncheng, China) participated, from January 2002 to October 2005, in a randomized controlled trial to receive either treatment as usual, or treatment as usual plus brief intervention and contact (BIC), which included patient education and follow-up. Overall, 91% completed the study. The primary study outcome measurement was death from suicide at 18-month follow-up.

FINDINGS:

Significantly fewer deaths from suicide occurred in the BIC than in the treatment-as-usual group (0.2% versus 2.2%, respectively; chi2 = 13.83, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

This low-cost brief intervention may be an important part of suicide prevention programmes for underresourced low- and middle-income countries.

PMID:
18797646
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2649494
Free PMC Article

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