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J Lipid Res. 2009 Feb;50(2):293-300. doi: 10.1194/jlr.M800439-JLR200. Epub 2008 Sep 15.

Genetic inactivation of NPC1L1 protects against sitosterolemia in mice lacking ABCG5/ABCG8.

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  • 1The 5th Clinical Hospital (Beijing Hospital), Peking University, and Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Hospital, Ministry of Health, Beijing, China.

Abstract

Mice lacking Niemann-Pick C1-Like 1 (NPC1L1) (NPC1L1(-/-)mice) exhibit a defect in intestinal absorption of cholesterol and phytosterols. However, wild-type (WT) mice do not efficiently absorb and accumulate phytosterols either. Cell-based studies show that NPC1L1 is a much weaker transporter for phytosterols than cholesterol. In this study, we examined the role of NPC1L1 in phytosterol and cholesterol trafficking in mice lacking ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters G5 and G8 (G5/G8(-/-) mice). G5/G8(-/-) mice develop sitosterolemia, a genetic disorder characterized by the accumulation of phytosterols in blood and tissues. We found that mice lacking ABCG5/G8 and NPC1L1 [triple knockout (TKO) mice] did not accumulate phytosterols in plasma and the liver. TKO mice, like G5/G8(-/-) mice, still had a defect in hepatobiliary cholesterol secretion, which was consistent with TKO versus NPC1L1(-/-) mice exhibiting a 52% reduction in fecal cholesterol excretion. Because fractional cholesterol absorption was reduced similarly in NPC1L1(-/-) and TKO mice, by subtracting fecal cholesterol excretion in TKO mice from NPC1L1(-/-) mice, we estimated that a 25g NPC1L1(-/-) mouse may secrete about 4 mumol of cholesterol daily via the G5/G8 pathway. In conclusion, NPC1L1 is essential for phytosterols to enter the body in mice.

PMID:
18796403
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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