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BMC Public Health. 2008 Sep 15;8:315. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-315.

A community intervention trial of multimodal suicide prevention program in Japan: a novel multimodal community intervention program to prevent suicide and suicide attempt in Japan, NOCOMIT-J.

Author information

  • 1Health Center, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan. yutakaon@sc.itc.keio.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To respond to the rapid surge in the incidence of suicide in Japan, which appears to be an ongoing trend, the Japanese Multimodal Intervention Trials for Suicide Prevention (J-MISP) have launched a multimodal community-based suicide prevention program, NOCOMIT-J. The primary aim of this study is to examine whether NOCOMIT-J is effective in reducing suicidal behavior in the community.

METHODS/DESIGN:

This study is a community intervention trial involving seven intervention regions with accompanying control regions, all with populations of statistically sufficient size. The program focuses on building social support networks in the public health system for suicide prevention and mental health promotion, intending to reinforce human relationships in the community. The intervention program components includes a primary prevention measures of awareness campaign for the public and key personnel, secondary prevention measures for screening of, and assisting, high-risk individuals, after-care for individuals bereaved by suicide, and other measures. The intervention started in July 2006, and will continue for 3.5 years. Participants are Japanese and foreign residents living in the intervention and control regions (a total of population of 2,120,000 individuals).

DISCUSSION:

The present study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the community-based suicide prevention program in the seven participating areas.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

UMIN Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN-CTR) UMIN000000460.

PMID:
18793423
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2551615
Free PMC Article
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